LOOPED EYE HOOKS
Tapered Loop - Provides a smoother transition from the eye loop to the
hook shank. Allows for tying a smaller head than an untapered loop.
Untapered Loop - Not a problem with most patterns, but you will need to
plan ahead or there could be a bump where the untapered loop ends.
RING EYE HOOK
(Also referred to as Ball Eye Hooks)
Open Ring Eye - Found on cheaper hooks
and are notorious for cutting the leader.
Brazed or Closed - Brazed hook eyes are
stronger and less likely to cut your leader..
Turned Down Eye
HOOK EYE CURVATURE
are conflicting theories as what is the best style eye curvature and
their implications. Some patterns look better with an up or down turned
eye and straight eyes are claimed to be more efficient hooking a fish.
Turned Up Eye
Turned Down Eye
Streamer Hooks are Designed With
Extra Long Shanks. This hook has a
down turned eye.
Popper Hook Shaft
Designed to hold the popper in position
Hook weight is determined by the diameter of the hook. The thicker the diameter the heavier the hook.
Standard - General all purpose hooks
Extra Fine - Best suited for dry flies
Extra Heavy - Best for fishing in deeper water
Extra Strong - For fish with super strength
Mustad Salmon Fly Hook
Continuous Bend Fly Fishing Hook
Alec Jackson Steelhead Irons
Sweeping Bend Fly Fishing Hook
Some common hook bends styles:
Swimming Larva Nymph Hook
York Bend / 3x Long / Up Eye
There are numerous styles of bends that have
been designed for nymphs, scuds, ect...
Hook Size #26 Compared to a penny
The larger the number the smaller the hook.
Also notice the 1.5mm /1/16" brass bead.
sizes can vary between manufactures and with different hook bends and
styles. Hook size is determined by the size of the gap. Fish hook sizes
range from 32 to 20/0. Size 32 is the smallest commercial size hook and
size 20/0 is probably the largest commercially available hook size and
is used for big game fish. Generally hook sizes are even numbers such
as #6, #8, #10, #12, ect... but there are exceptions like Alec Jackson
Steelhead Irons which are odd number sizes such as #3 and #5 sizes or
Mustad size #1 salmon hooks.
Custom made size #100/0 Hook
This hook could be used as a boat anchor.
On the other foot, we have heard of custom made
size #40 hooks, which would be so small it is hard
to imagine what is the intention and purpose of such
a microscopic design.
Measurements of a Standard Hook Shank
Gap Width + Gape Width + Eye Width = Shank Length
(This is only a general rule of thumb)
A standard size hook shank is 2x long
as the gap, plus the width of the eye.
Standard - General fly tying
Extra Long - Best for streamers
Extra Short - Mostly used with egg patterns.
Several nymph and scud patterns use extra
A size #12 hook with a 4x Long Shank
is equal to a size #4 hook shank.
short is the same size as the next smaller
sized hook shank. A size #8 hook with a 1x short hook shank would be
equal to a size #10 hook shank. (Hook sizes are generally even numbers
#10, #12, #14, ect...) A size #12 hook with a 4x long shank would be
equal to a size #4 hook shank.
For catch and release purposes it is recommended to use a barbless
hook, which makes it easier to extract and causes less stress to the
fish. You can easily remove the bard by crimping down on it with a pair
of needle nose pliers, but in theory that could weaken the point. You
could use a small file to remove the barb. Have heard that the friction
from electric sanders can cause enough heat to weaken the temper in the
metal and the point will be easier to break.
planning to debarb the hook, it is recommended to remove the barb
before tying the fly, just in case the point breaks. It is always a
heartbreaker to tie the perfect fly and then have it rendered useless.
Before giving any flies to younger children, always remove the barbs.
The most common colors for hook are:
Other colors include red, green and blue, ect...
METAL COATINGS AND ALLOYS
alloys are extremely important, but luckily most modern fishing hooks
sold in fly tying shops won't be of concern. If you do see any flaws or
the hook easily breaks, then switch brands. Japan makes some of the
better quality hooks, while hooks made in China are more questionable.
Commonly used with Classic Salmon Flies
Diamond / Triangle Points.
Fish Hook Wire Shapes
Fish Hook Wire Shape
wire can be pressed for extra strength. This creates a oval shape with
flat sides. The flat shape increases the bending strength of the
wire. You probably won't notice the wire has been pressed and flattened
without close inspection. Some hooks have round shanks and the wire is
only flattened around the bend.
Harrison Bartleet Blind Eye Hook
Designed for Classic Atlantic Salmon Flies
BLIND EYE HOOKS
hooks are used when tying classic salmon flies. Instead of an eye, the
shank is tapered to a point that will accommodate the tying in of a
silkworm gut traditionally used in previous centuries. Flies tied on
these hooks are usually for display purposes only. There are dedicated
fly fisherman who use blind eye fish hooks for dry and wet trout flies,
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN
Some of the best hooks are made in Japan. Some of the worst hooks we
have bought were made in China and should be avoided. Companies such as
Eagle Claw are produced in the USA and the quality control is
consistent. English hand-made hooks are usually beautifully designed,
but might cost a little extra. With other countries of origin you can
probably guess the quality by their reputation and would most likely be
DOUBLE HOOKS AND